Safe and secure shelter is one of the basic needs of human being and right to shelter has been recognised as a fundamental human right in international covenants. Constitution of almost all countries defines the protection of life and personal property encompasses the right to shelter and right to livelihood also which are integral to the dignified living of the individual. Transcending the safety offered by the shelter, man desires to move up the need chain for meeting the demands of identity, status, aesthetics, emotional satisfaction, livelihood support systems, linkage with community etc. which make the home an organic entity. The intent and purpose of the Planned Residential Development is to allow a development planned and designed as a unit to produce an environment of stable, desirable character not out of harmony with its surrounding neighborhood and which meets standards of density, open space, light and air, pedestrian and vehicular access, and traffic circulation. For development purpose LPG Policy is adopted by many countries such as India.Major characteristics of a planned residential development are:
- Encourage imaginative design and the creation of permanent open space by permitting greater flexibility in zoning requirements
- Preserve or create environmental amenities superior to those generally found in conventional developments;
- Create or preserve usable open space for the enjoyment of the occupants;
- Preserve to the greatest possible extent the natural characteristics of the land, including topography, natural vegetation, waterways, views, etc.;
- Encourage development of a variety of housing types;
- Provide for maximum efficiency in the layout of streets, utility networks and other public improvements;
To achieve all these goals and objectives data presentation and analysis it is essential. A city development plan outlines the basic steps of residential development which are undertaken for an appropriate housing development. It’s important that these steps are comprehensive enough to care all the needs of the people dwelling and the environment around.
Following modern site design criteria are designed to provide support:
- The overall plan shall be comprehensive, embracing land, buildings, landscaping and their interrelationships and shall conform in all respects to all adopted plans of all governmental agencies for the area in which the proposed development is located.
- The plan shall provide for adequate open space, circulation, off-street parking and pertinent amenities. Buildings, structures and facilities in the parcel shall be well integrated, oriented and related to the landscape features of the site. The proposed development shall be compatible with the general plan of land used and with circulation patterns on adjoining properties. It shall not constitute a disruptive element to the neighborhood and community.
- The internal street system shall not be a dominant feature in the overall design, rather it should be designed for the efficient and safe flow of vehicles without creating a disruptive influence on the activity and function of any common areas and facilities.
- Common areas and recreational facilities shall be located so as to be readily accessible to the occupants of the dwelling units and shall be well related to any common open space provided.
- Architectural harmony within the development and within the neighborhood and community shall be obtained so far as is practicable.
- The number of dwelling units shall be as indicated by the base district.
The maximum building height and number of stories permitted shall not exceed the building height and number of stories permitted in the base district. However, the planning commission shall have the right to limit the number of stories in any or all of the buildings in a planned development, the base district regulations notwithstanding, when it finds that existing or proposed developments on adjacent properties, or properties across a street or alley, would be adversely affected unless such a limitation were imposed.